Guidelines For XAT 2009 Essay

The Inherent vice of Capitalism is unequal sharing of blessings and the inherent virtue of Socialism is equal sharing of misery.


An interesting topic, which required some awareness of the two political and economic systems. Some points worth exploring in this essay were:


1) The historical development of Capitalism as a major force shaping the modern world.


2) The rise of Socialism as a countering force as visualized by Karl Marx and other thinkers.


3) Major Socialist movements such as the Russian Revolution.


4) How Capitalism came to be viewed as a credo and how the world got bi-polarized into the Capitalist and Socialist blocks.


5) Lessons from the 20th century- how Socialism and Communism failed to stem the economic collapse of Russia. Ironically enough, the virtue ‘of equal sharing of misery failed to sustain Socialist governments’.


6) The enduring appeal of Capitalism even though the vice of unequal distribution of wealth persists- example of how erstwhile Socialist regimes like China are embracing market Capitalism today.


Essay writing tips for XAT

Personality Development Programme (PDP)

Personality Development Programme (PDP)


What is looked for?

          Subject knowledge

          Clarity of thought

          Flow of ideas



          Correct usage of grammar

          Correct usage of words

          A neat hand-writing


How should you write?

          Always write in paragraphs

          It’s not a natural but learned skill

          Different paragraphs express different ideas that contribute to the main idea

          A paragraph should ideally contain :

      (i)            Topic Sentence: it is the 1st sentence expressing the main idea of the paragraph- Say what you are going to say

    (ii)            Supporting Sentences: they expand the main idea expressed in the topic sentence- Say it

   (iii)            Concluding Sentence: rounding off what has been said or a logical conclusion of the idea in the topic sentence- Say it again!!!


How should you write?

          Follow a flow of paragraphs

          Always let the first paragraph be an introduction to the subject matter

          Expansion/ support/ refutation of the idea must follow in subsequent paragraphs

          The last paragraph must have a conclusion of the main idea

          There could be two forms of writing- Deductive and Inductive

          You should have good knowledge of the topic to write about

          Read the directions carefully

          Recognize action words- discuss, evaluate, argue, comment etc.

          Focus on the issue rather than peripheries

          Choose words with precise meanings; avoid ambiguity

          Do not use Jargon

          Do not use Slang

          Do not use Cliché

          Do not use Abbreviations

          Do not use Quotations without acknowledgments

          Make tentative statements; avoid definitive statements- it leaves a scope for further discussion


How to prepare?

          Regular reading of:-

      (i)            Newspaper editorials

    (ii)            News papers

   (iii)            News websites

  (iv)            Non-fiction

          Discussions with friends and family

          Informational thinking


Topics XAT from past essays

          Gender Imbalance would lead to Third World War- XAT 2008

          Economic growth without environmental damage – a mirage or a reality. –XAT 2007

          ‘India has one of the largest pools of talented manpower, but few innovations and patented products.’ –XAT 2006

          More than one billion Indians: A gigantic problem or a sea of opportunities –XAT 2005

          Asked at the age of 83, as to which of his project would he choose as his master piece, Frank Lloyd Wright, the architect answered, “The next one” –XAT 2004

          To give real service, one needs to add something that cannot be bought or measured, like sincerity and integrity. –XAT 2003

XAT Essays – Past Trends