Guidelines For XAT 2009 Essay

The Inherent vice of Capitalism is unequal sharing of blessings and the inherent virtue of Socialism is equal sharing of misery.


An interesting topic, which required some awareness of the two political and economic systems. Some points worth exploring in this essay were:


1) The historical development of Capitalism as a major force shaping the modern world.


2) The rise of Socialism as a countering force as visualized by Karl Marx and other thinkers.


3) Major Socialist movements such as the Russian Revolution.


4) How Capitalism came to be viewed as a credo and how the world got bi-polarized into the Capitalist and Socialist blocks.


5) Lessons from the 20th century- how Socialism and Communism failed to stem the economic collapse of Russia. Ironically enough, the virtue ‘of equal sharing of misery failed to sustain Socialist governments’.


6) The enduring appeal of Capitalism even though the vice of unequal distribution of wealth persists- example of how erstwhile Socialist regimes like China are embracing market Capitalism today.


First impression of XAT 2009

The paper consisted of 3 sections: Quantitative Aptitude+Data Interpretation (38 questions), Verbal Ability +Logical Ability (35 questions) and Analytical Reasoning +Decision Making (31) questions – a total of 104 questions, which was lower than last year’s 120.

As expected the paper was on the tougher side. Nonetheless it was balanced across the sections. There were few questions, which were ambiguous but all in all the paper was on the expected lines and resembling XAT 2008.

The topic for the essay was “The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries”

Expected Cut-off for XLRI (BM) QA+DI: 9.0, AR+DM: 7.5, VA+LA: 9.0 Overall: 34-35

Essay writing tips for XAT

Personality Development Programme (PDP)

Personality Development Programme (PDP)


What is looked for?

          Subject knowledge

          Clarity of thought

          Flow of ideas



          Correct usage of grammar

          Correct usage of words

          A neat hand-writing


How should you write?

          Always write in paragraphs

          It’s not a natural but learned skill

          Different paragraphs express different ideas that contribute to the main idea

          A paragraph should ideally contain :

      (i)            Topic Sentence: it is the 1st sentence expressing the main idea of the paragraph- Say what you are going to say

    (ii)            Supporting Sentences: they expand the main idea expressed in the topic sentence- Say it

   (iii)            Concluding Sentence: rounding off what has been said or a logical conclusion of the idea in the topic sentence- Say it again!!!


How should you write?

          Follow a flow of paragraphs

          Always let the first paragraph be an introduction to the subject matter

          Expansion/ support/ refutation of the idea must follow in subsequent paragraphs

          The last paragraph must have a conclusion of the main idea

          There could be two forms of writing- Deductive and Inductive

          You should have good knowledge of the topic to write about

          Read the directions carefully

          Recognize action words- discuss, evaluate, argue, comment etc.

          Focus on the issue rather than peripheries

          Choose words with precise meanings; avoid ambiguity

          Do not use Jargon

          Do not use Slang

          Do not use Cliché

          Do not use Abbreviations

          Do not use Quotations without acknowledgments

          Make tentative statements; avoid definitive statements- it leaves a scope for further discussion


How to prepare?

          Regular reading of:-

      (i)            Newspaper editorials

    (ii)            News papers

   (iii)            News websites

  (iv)            Non-fiction

          Discussions with friends and family

          Informational thinking


Topics XAT from past essays

          Gender Imbalance would lead to Third World War- XAT 2008

          Economic growth without environmental damage – a mirage or a reality. –XAT 2007

          ‘India has one of the largest pools of talented manpower, but few innovations and patented products.’ –XAT 2006

          More than one billion Indians: A gigantic problem or a sea of opportunities –XAT 2005

          Asked at the age of 83, as to which of his project would he choose as his master piece, Frank Lloyd Wright, the architect answered, “The next one” –XAT 2004

          To give real service, one needs to add something that cannot be bought or measured, like sincerity and integrity. –XAT 2003

CAT 2008 – Sources of questions in English

TISS 2008 Analysis


TISS 2008 exam did not throw in any surprises. It was clearly communicated to the candidates that the question paper will consist of two parts. Part I was divided into three sections: Quantitative Ability & Analytical Reasoning, Verbal Ability and Awareness of Contemporary Social Issues for which the candidates were given an hour to attempt. There was no negative marking and each question had four options to choose from.

Part II of the TISS exam was programme specific. The question paper was objective /descriptive on the basis of the programme(s) that the candidate had applied for. The duration to attempt Part II was one hour. TISS gives 50-50 weightage to both Part I and Part II of the examination for all the programmes except Elementary Education where the weightage is 35-65.


Number Of Questions

Time Taken (minutes)

Possible Attempts

Quantitative Ability & Analytical Reasoning


25- 30


Verbal Ability




Awareness of Social Issues








Disclaimer: Our expert faculty who have attempted the TISS paper decide this attempts/cut-offs. These may not be the actual cut-offs of TISS 2008. These are calculations based on our experience and expertise. Continue reading

XAT 2008 – expected cut-offs

For CAT 2008 cutoff and calculating your cat 2008 percentile with 95% confidence, please visit

The expected cut-offs for XAT 2008 are:

Institute English Quantitative Aptitude +
Data Interpretation
Reasoning + Decision Making Overall
XLRI – BM 11 – 12 7.5 – 8 7 – 7.5 32 – 33
XLRI – PMIR 13 – 14 6 – 6.5 5.5 – 6 30 – 31
XIM-B 10.5 – 11 6 – 6.5 5.5 – 6 29 – 30

For more on XAT, visit

NMAT 2007 Analysis

This year’s paper was more or less along the expected lines with easy sections on Language skills and Quantitative skills. The Quantitative section included quite a few questions on the application of Vedic mathematics, which were similar to those asked by IRMA earlier this year. Logical Reasoning, however, was a bit tricky with respect to 2 sets; otherwise, even this was a scoring section. Overall, it was an easy paper.
The basic structure of the paper was exactly similar to that mentioned in the institute’s brochure, with a bit of variety thrown in, in the concepts tested by the questions posed.

Total no. of questions: 150
No. of options per question: 5
Time: 120 minutes
Negative Marking: 0.25
Number of sections: 3

1 mark was allotted per question.

S. No. Section Number of questions Time Possible Attempts Possible Scores and Overall Cut-offs


Language Skills


30 minutes




Quantitative Skills, Data Analysis & Sufficiency


50 minutes




Intelligence and Logical Reasoning


40 minutes






120 minutes

105 – 110


The paper was on the easier side, with the total number of questions decreased to 150 from last year’s 200. So, the test-taker had to literally rush through the paper. Difficult questions were to be skipped without second thoughts and the easier ones were to be solved as quickly as possible. One should have attempted around 105- 110 questions and with a realistic accuracy of the order of 80% or more, one should expect a call for the GD/PI stage. Continue reading